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Sandra M. Restrepo Escobar I am Psychologist, specialist in Drug Dependence. Master’s in education and Human Development. I am currently a PhD student in psychology. Research professor of University Catholic Luis Amigó in Medellin Colombia. Leader of the addiction research group. I have clinical experience in intervention with addicts and vulnerable population.
This article presents a narrative review of studies that have focused on the neuropsychological model in the rehabilitation of addictions. For this, a total of 49 studies were analyzed, published in a period from 1982 to 2017. The results showed that addictions constitute a brain damage agent, their main sequel is related to executive functioning and attentional capacity. Research on cognitive rehabilitation performed with patients with multiple brain pathologies, have shown their effectiveness in treatment, generating a line of study in addictions, which shows improvements in treatment retention rates and decrease in relapse rates, thus raising the need to incorporate neuropsychology, as a relevant area to be taken into account by interdisciplinary teams that treat addictions.